YerevanScope is your irreplaceable companion in Armenia.

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    Visitors to Armenia will find in YerevanScope both necessary and interesting information about Yerevan and Armenia. We hope that this website will help you in your perception of Armenia, its cultural traditions, history and present day-all what gives Armenia its unique appeal.

    A traveller interested in exploring different cultures, their history and art should visit this tiny country which is situated in between East and West and the name of which is Armenia. First time Arminiya as the name of a country and Armina as the name of the nation is mentioned in a cuneiform inscription of Persian king Dareh 1 (522-486 B.C.), and in the 5th century B.C. Armenia for the first time appear on a Babylonian World map. Armenia frequently is called an open-air museum. Over 5,000 monuments, all the way from prehistoric cave paintings, stonehenges (karahunj in Armenian), irrigational systems and fortresses to Medieval monasteries and secular buildings and khachkars which survived to our days are scattered all over modern Armenia. The English poet Byron wrote "there is no other land in the world so full of wonders as the land of Armenians…” To mention just a few of these wonders: Garni temple of the Hellenistic period (1st century A.D), Edjmiadzin monastery built after the adoption of Christianity in 301, St. Hripsime church (7th century), Zvartnots (7th century), Geghard monastery carved in rock (13th century), etc…

    The Armenian language has two major branches: Eastern and Western. It belongs to the Indo-European family of languages and forms a separate group in it. Its unique modern alphabet was invented by Mesrop Mashtots in 405 A.D. Eastern Armenian is the official language of the country and is considered as native by 96% of its population. Western Armenian is spoken by approximately 50% of over 10 million Armenians worldwide. In Armenia second most spoken language is Russian.


    Official name: Republic of Armenia (RA) 
    Area: 29.800 sq. km (11.490 sq. miles) 
    Population: 3.2 million (census of 2003) 
    Capital: Yerevan, 1.2 million 
    Official language: Armenian 
    Alphabet: Mesropian 
    Religion: Christian (Armenian Apostolic) adopted as state religion in 301 A.D. 
    Religious center: Edjmiadzin 
    Political structure: Presidential Republic 
    Independence day: 21th of September 
    Currency: Armenian Dram (AMD) 
    Time: GMT + 4 
    Weights and measurements: metric 
    Electricity: 220 volts, 50 Hz 
    Visa: Visa required 
    Climate: Continental

    782 B.C. Erebuni (Yerevan) Founded
    14th c. Yerevan Mint Established
    1582 Farhad Pasha Built the Yerevan Fortress
    1864 First Telegraphic Line Between Tiflis and Yerevan Established
    1865 Yerevan Theater Founded
    1874 First Printing House Established
    1895 Yerevan Baths Opened
    1895 First Hotel Orient Opened
    1899 Amirian-Yeghiazarian Grocery Store Opened
    1902 Railway Between Yerevan and Alexandrapol Started Operating
    1906 Horsea-Tram Line Opened
    1913 First 80 Telephones Distributed
    1913 First Automobile Entered the City


    1, 2 January New Year's Day
    6 January Christmas
    28 January Army Day
    8 March Women's Day
    7 April Mothers' & Beauty Day
    24 April Genocide Remembrance Day
    1 May Labour Day
    9 May Victory Day
    28 May Republic Day
    5 July Constitution Day
    21 September Independence Day
    31 December New Year's Eve